Basic English 语法

我和我的学生们
2012 年 09 月 09 日
俞敏洪在北京大学 2008 年开学典礼上的演讲辞
2012 年 09 月 09 日

Ogden’s rules of grammar for Basic English extend the 850 word vocabulary to the breadth needed to describe objects and events in the environment and more smoothly communicate with people.

  1. Plurals are formed with a trailing “S”. The normal exceptions of standard English also apply, notably “ES” and “IES”.
  2. There are four derivatives for the 300 nouns: -“ER” and -“ING”, and two adjectives, -“ING” and -“ED”.
  3. Adverbs use -“LY” from qualifiers.
  4. Degree is expressed with “MORE” and “MOST”. Be prepared to find -“ER” and -“EST” in common usage.
  5. Negative adjectives are formed with “UN”-
  6. Questions are formed by inversion and by “DO”.
  7. Operators and pronouns conjugate in full.
  8. Compound words may be combined from two nouns (milkman) or a noun and a directive (sundown).
  9. Measurement, numerals, currency, calendar, and international terms are in English form.
  10. Technical expressions required and customary for the immediate task are included in the locally used form.

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